Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children and affects nearly one third of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Even with technological advances in critical care and dialysis, there is a high mortality rate
Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is often performed to treat patients with AKI. However, for optimal RRT treatment, it is crucial to consider the indications, modes of access, and prescription of each RRT method. Therefore, this lecture to discuss the definition of AKI, early detection and various modalities of RRT in pediatric patients, which include peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD) and continuous RRT (CRRT.